Human trafficking remains a relevant issue that needs to be dealt with in Ukraine. For instance, 260 thousand Ukrainians have become victims of this phenomenon since 1991.
iDemocracy informs so with the reference to the the publication by the International Organization for Migration «Migration in Ukraine: figures and facts, 2021». According to it, every eighth Ukrainian is ready to accept at least one risky job offer abroad that could lead to human trafficking or labour exploitation.
In general, from 2000 to 2020, the IOM Mission in Ukraine assisted 18,287 victims of human trafficking. Over 3 thousand of them were identified and assisted in 2019–2020. In addition, the number of cases when the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine issues the official status of a human trafficking victim has significantly increased since 2014.
The key country of destination for the victims of human trafficking is the Russian Federation (873 persons out of 1880 whom the IOM assisted in 2020), followed by Poland, Germany, the Czech Republic, etc.
It is noted that the COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated the situation of human trafficking survivors. Some limitations and closed borders for travelling increased the risks for Ukrainian migrants to accept risky proposals related to employment abroad that might lead to falling prey to traffickers.